Updated: Mar 7, 2019
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) recorded 39,332 knife offences in 2018 the highest number on record and an annual increase of 12 percent.
Do you know know what to do if you or a loved one fall victim to knife crime, keep on reading for information on how to help someone who has been stabbed or is seriously bleeding.
Call for emergency help immediately. If the person has been stabbed, it is critical to call emergency services as soon as possible.
1. Lay the person down. Before you do anything else to attend to the stab wound, get the person to lie down on the ground. This will make it easier to help stabilise the victim, particularly if he starts to get dizzy or fall unconscious. You don't want the person to risk aggravating the injury or harming himself if he falls while fainting.
2. Examine the person and determine the extent of the injury. Is there more than one stab wound? Are there slashes? Where is the blood coming from? Is it on the front or back of the body?
Put on disposable gloves if you have them. Alternatively, you can also put some plastic bags over your hands. Though this step is not required in order to tend to the stab wound, it is important in order to protect yourself, so as to reduce the risk of infection to you or the victim.
3. Check the victim's ABCs, Airway, Breathing, and Circulation.
Make sure the person's airway remains unobstructed.
Listen for the sound of breathing and watch the person's chest for movement.
Check the victim's pulse to make sure the heart is still beating.
If the victim has stopped breathing, perform CPR.
If the person is conscious, begin working but also talk with him to keep him calm and help slow his heart rate.
If possible, try to keep the victim's eyes averted so he cannot see the wound.
Remove the victim's clothing around the affected area. This will enable you to identify the precise location of the stab wound and then apply treatment. Stab wounds can sometimes be obscured by both clothing and blood or other fluids and even dirt or mud, depending on where the victim is found.
4. Do not remove the stabbing object if it is embedded. Leave the object in the wound if it is still there and be very careful not to move it, which may cause further damage. The object is actually helping to stem the blood flow. Pulling it out will likely increase blood loss while pushing it in may cause further injury to the internal organs.
5. Stop the bleeding. Apply pressure on the wound with a clean and absorbent material (like a shirt or towel), or preferably, a clean dressing such as sterile gauze. If the object is still in the wound, press firmly around it. Applying pressure to the wound will help to slow the flow of blood.
6. Reposition the victim so the wound is above the heart. This will help reduce blood loss. If the victim can sit, get him to move into an upright position; if not, then help the victim if possible.
Cover the dressing. If you happen to have first aid materials with you, fasten the dressing in place using a bandage or tape. Do not lift or remove the dressing as this will disrupt clot formation and re-start the bleeding. If the dressing becomes soaked with blood, add more cloth material on top of it.
Continue to apply pressure to the wound until help arrives. While waiting for emergency help, continue to monitor the ABCs: airway, breathing, and circulation.
Referenced from Jonas DeMuro, MD Full article and story here: http://bit.ly/2D3T6Vi